Location of Spain (dark green). – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union . country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. Spain is a country in Southern Europe . It is in the Iberian Peninsula. Spain is bordered by France , Portugal and Andorra. In Spain's northeast side are the . The culture of Spain is based on a variety of historical influences, primarily based on . Spanish literature is the name given to the literary works written in Spain throughout time, and those by Spanish authors worldwide. Due to historic . Spanish or Castilian (/kæˈstɪliən/ ( About this sound listen), About this sound castellano . Spanish is the official or national language in Spain, Equatorial Guinea, and 19 countries in the Americas. Speakers in the Americas total some 418 . Spanien (amtlich Königreich Spanien, spanisch Reino de España [ˈrejno ð(e) esˈpaɲa] Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Aussprache, auf Galicisch Reino de España, . Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces Spain's provincial . Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same; locally valid names in Spain's other co-official languages (Asturian, Basque, . .es is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Spain (España). It is administered by the Network Information Centre of Spain. Registrations are permitted at . The history of Spain dates back to the Middle Ages. In 1516, Habsburg Spain unified a number . In the later 17th century, however, Spanish power began to decline, and after the death of the last Habsburg ruler, the War of the Spanish . Alicante or Alacant both the Spanish and Valencian being official names, is a city and port in Spain on the Costa Blanca, the capital of the province of Alicante . Francoist Spain (Spanish: España franquista), known in Spain as the Francoist dictatorship (Spanish: dictadura franquista), officially known as the Spanish State .